Article provided by: KSI Swiss
The Strength, Flexibility, And Modularity Of Swiss CNC For Small Parts
The Swiss CNC is particularly effective for long and slender turned parts. This large class of lathes is precisely designed for machining relatively hard materials. Originally, these machines were designed to machine metals but with the advent of versatile synthetic materials such as plastic, lathe machines are now being used in a broad range of materials and in a wide range of applications.
Turret lathes or toolroom lathes which are simply being referred to as lathes typically make up a broad range of the materials. These rigid machine tools get rid of material from a rotating workpiece. This is typically done through the movements of several cutting tools, such as drill bits and tool bits.
Like every other CNC machine, programming has often been the biggest adjustment with Swiss CNC. However, the machine functions quite differently from other CNC lathes. Its moves are foreign while some of its M codes and waiting commands are very unique.
Rather than using software to operate the machine, many operators are teaching themselves to use it effectively. They are forgoing the use of CAM software and employing manual operations to learn more about the machine and develop proficiency with it. At the control, Swiss CNC tends to be better programmed by hand.
Most shop personnel (particularly first-time users) are often amazed by how much work the Swiss-type machine can quickly perform within its small work zone. Unlike conventional CNC lathes that often come with 3 or 4 axes, the Swiss CNC usually comes with more axes ranging from 7 to 13. When a part which usually required several operations or even multiple machines is completed in just one cycle by a new Swiss-type user, a new shift in thinking occurs.
New Swiss CNC machines function with greater lubricity. Rather than water, many Swiss-type machines are now being designed to use oil. This comes with lots of exciting benefits, including non-exposure to water-based coolants, as is often the case with prune-like hands. Also, users experience greater freedom from odor-causing agents that promote the growth of bacteria. However, it is important to always make use of shop towels or hand gloves when changing tools as the machine cutting tool can become very hot in the work zone.
As a matter of fact, the guide bushing remains an essential part of the Swiss-type machine. To this end, it is essential to use the right sizing. In order to avoid concentricity errors, you must avoid using the wrong size of guide bushing for the work. Additionally, guide bushings are made of several materials which include steel, Meehanite, and carbide sleeved. Another important factor to consider is the potential for interaction with the workpiece material.
Machine in segments
A Swiss-type machine employs a different order of cuts in the cycle. It’s possible to finish turn and rough turn the work on a conventional lathe and in other to complete the part, the machine features threads or OD grooves but this is not possible on a Swiss-type machine.